Differing Approaches to Teaching Music: Comparing Dalcroze, Kodály, and Orff

May 1, 2012 / By: Emily Smith

The intent of this paper is to compare the leading philosophies for teaching elementary general music: Dalcroze, Kodály, and Orff. It is hoped that this paper will help other teachers gain insights into how these approaches can be applied in their classroom, making it easier to develop meaningful curriculum, units, and lessons that best support the musical development of their students.

This project is comprised of three sections. The first section contains descriptions of Dalcroze, Kodály, and Orff. These descriptions contain a brief history of the pedagogue, the unique aspects of their approach, and how their philosophy could be used in the classroom. Section One ends with a comparison of these three approaches. In the second section sample lesson segments are offered to explore how each of these approaches could be used in the classroom. To accentuate the differences between these approaches, all of the lesson segments will use the same children's song, "Ding, dong diggidiggidong": the lesson segments will focus on how this song could be used to teach rhythm. The final section reflects upon the impact that studying these approaches has had on my teaching of music.