Asmat Woodcarving

Asmat Woodcarving

This video documents the visit of three artists from the Asmat people of New Guinea in the southwest Pacific to the campus of the University of St Thomas in Saint Paul, Minnesota in July of 2016. During their visit, the first by a group of Asmat artists to the United States in over a decade, the artists, Bernat Bicimpari, Feransiskus Yemes, and Biatus Amernat, carved three poles in the form of houseposts that depict episodes from traditional stories that belong to their clans. The video features interviews with the artists about their work and includes footage of the artists carving as well as visiting an African Drum Ensemble class to share their culture and give a demonstration of traditional drumming skills.

Ancestors & Woodcarving Sculpture: a Necessary Skill and Sacred Tradition

Traditionally all youth were taught carving skills so they could produce canoes, paddles, arrows and spears. Men who had exceptional carving abilities were/are known as wow ipits. They were/are responsible for planning and completing large scale objects such as bis (ancestral poles) and wuramon (soul ships).

Dirk Smidt writes the following in the introduction to Asmat Art: Woodcarvings of Southwest New Guinea, which underscores the spiritual significance of sculptural forms:

"The Asmat woodcarver's art is a form of communication between the living and the dead, between the community of human beings and the complex and pervasive world of the spirits. In the coastal swamps of southwest New Guinea, deceased relatives, the many birds and animals that share the land with the Asmat, and even the whirlpools and channels of the great brown rivers have a spiritual life. It is in this context that Asmat art must be understood. Despite differences in style from one carver to the next, or from one region to the next all these grand works serve the same function: to make the spirit world tangible. In doing this the artist helps bring his community into balance with the world of the spirits."

In the past carvings were so critical to religious life that each village supported its own group of carvers. Individuals who commissioned carvings assumed responsibility for feeding the carver and his family while the work was being completed. Today carvings continue to make it possible for communities to make connections with the ancestral world.